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Treatment for Intestinal Infections - Healthy Living

The appearance of intestinal infections is associated with the use of products that contain pathological microorganisms or their toxins. Doctors Recommendations.

Intestinal infections are inflammatory diseases that develop when pathogens enter the patients digestive system. The appearance of an infectious process in the intestine leads to the appearance of a specific symptom complex, which is the reason for going to the doctor. If these diseases are suspected, it is necessary to undergo medical treatment in order to prevent serious health consequences..

Causes of the disease

The appearance of intestinal infections is associated with the use of products that contain pathological microorganisms or their toxins. The most common pathogens are:

Streptococci;

Pathogenic E. coli;

Staphylococci;

Clostridia of botulism and their toxins;

The causative agents of typhoid fever;

Salmonella

Shigella - causative agents of dysentery.

The most common intestinal infections are caused by bacterial infestations. Rarer pathologies develop on the background of infection with viral agents - rotaviruses or enteroviruses.

Symptoms of the disease

The main clinical manifestations of the disease can be divided into local and general symptoms. Local signs include changes in the gastrointestinal tract:

intestinal infections

Nausea and repeated vomiting;

Sharp, cramping abdominal pain, usually in the lower sections;

Diarrhea with loose stools;

Flatulence and bloating.

In addition to local symptoms, patients in most cases develop intoxication. Outwardly, it manifests itself as an increase in body temperature, constant weakness, and increased fatigue. Against the background of the inflammatory process, the patients appetite disappears, sleep is disturbed, and working capacity is reduced. The severity of symptoms of intoxication depends on the activity of intestinal infection and its stage of development.

How to treat a disease?

Depending on the severity of the disease, the patient is selected treatment tactics. If the pathology proceeds in a mild form, then treatment at home is permissible. If you have symptoms of severe intestinal infection, you must always call an ambulance or consult a specialized specialist - an infectious disease specialist who is involved in the treatment of such infections. For any form of pathology, it is recommended to consult with a local therapist who will assess the patient's condition and determine the optimal treatment conditions for the patient.

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The treatment of intestinal infections requires an integrated approach. To eliminate a bacterial infection in the digestive system, the patient is prescribed antibacterial treatment. Drugs from this group affect the cause of the disease, which ensures the rapid elimination of its clinical manifestations.

Additionally, symptomatic therapy is prescribed to the patient. It includes the following groups of drugs:

Painkillers and antispasmodics;

Anti-inflammatory drugs;

Antidiarrheal drugs;

Infusion therapy - intravenous infusion of solutions;

Sorbents - drugs that remove toxins from the intestines.

their toxins

Against the background of intestinal infection in many patients, the composition of the normal microflora that lives in the digestive system is disrupted. Therefore, often after stopping the main clinical manifestations of the pathology, the patient is treated with probiotics and prebiotics, which provide an increase in the content of beneficial bacteria in the intestine.

The complex of medical procedures depends not only on what pathogen caused the disease, but also on the patient's condition. Therefore, the specific list of drugs for treatment is determined by the attending physician.

An important component of therapy is the correction of the patients lifestyle during treatment. The patient is advised to observe the following rules:

Limit physical activity;

Eat right;

Observe bed rest.

Of great importance for the quick recovery of the patient is his proper nutrition during the treatment period. The patient is prescribed a special diet, which strictly limits the use of all products harmful to the intestines. More fruits and vegetables are introduced into the diet, which favorably affect peristalsis..

Prevention of intestinal infections

To prevent the development of intestinal infections, it is necessary to follow the simple recommendations of doctors:

Wash food before eating;

Use boiled or filtered water;

Do not eat foods (especially meat or fish) from unverified sources;

Wash hands before eating, teach children about it;

Do not eat expired foods or dubious foods with a suspicious odor.

Simple restrictions significantly reduce the likelihood of developing intestinal infections. However, no one is safe from infection through food. Therefore, when symptoms appear that indicate the development of the disease, you must consult a doctor and undergo an examination in order to quickly and effectively get rid of the pathology.

be healthy!