breast cancer

From youth to old age

From youth to old age - article on the website Healthy lifestyle

After 30 years, changes occur in the womans body that can cause the disease. Which changes are normal and which are alarm?

thirty+

Natural changes

* After 30 years, some women first experience premenstrual syndrome. It is accompanied by headache, irritability, food vagaries, discomfort in the mammary glands..

* Metabolism slows down, the body burns fewer calories than before. So many are starting to get better.

Alarms

* Constant fatigue, accompanied by attacks of arrhythmia, shortness of breath, dizziness and decreased performance. These may be symptoms of anemia..

* Heaviness and fatigue in the legs by the end of the day, swelling of the foot and lower leg, the appearance of spider veins indicate the initial stage of varicose veins.

* Spotting in the middle of the cycle, accompanied by pain, is an occasion to visit a gynecologist. This may be a sign of incipient cervical erosion or endometriosis..

* Irregular periods, fat deposits in the abdomen, intense hair growth on the face and body, as well as infertility can be symptoms of polycystic ovaries.

What to do

* Twice a year visit the gynecologist. Many diseases are asymptomatic, so regular examinations and tests are the only prevention.

* If you have abundant and prolonged periods, besides there are gastrointestinal diseases, check for anemia: take a blood test for hemoglobin. Based on its results, the doctor will prescribe the necessary drug.

* If there are signs of varicose veins, do not take hot baths and avoid prolonged exposure to the sun. This leads to stagnation of blood in the legs. Keep track of bowel function and weight: constipation and extra pounds increase pressure in the veins.

* Do not get involved in diets. In most cases, they only exacerbate the weight problem. Make it a rule to eat on a schedule, preferably in small portions, 4-5 times a day. Have fasting days once a week.

* Move! Any physical activity stimulates the metabolism. The main thing is that the loads are metered and regular.

40+

Natural changes

* The production of sex hormones is reduced, resulting in mood swings, fatigue, headache. These are the harbingers of upcoming menopause.

* Due to a lack of hormones, bone density is reduced. This does not affect well-being, but under certain conditions (the presence of diabetes mellitus, a sedentary lifestyle, thyroid disease) can lead to osteoporosis.

* One in five women over 40 suffers from urinary incontinence, for example, during coughing or sneezing.

* Age-related hyperopia appears.

Alarms

* Chronic fatigue, irritability, forgetfulness, problems with concentration, sensitivity to cold and generally to temperature changes, constipation, swelling - all these symptoms may indicate insufficient production of thyroid hormones.

* An increase in the number and duration of menstruation, severe, pulling pains in the lower abdomen. It is impossible to hope that it will pass by itself, painkillers are also not an option - you need to go to the gynecologist, because these symptoms can indicate the development of uterine fibroids or fibroids.

What to do

* Examine the mammary glands on a monthly basis. In case of any changes, contact a mammologist.

* To determine how faithfully the thyroid gland is working, be examined by an endocrinologist.

* Calcium will help maintain bone density. The champions in the content of this element are parsley, celery and only then dairy products..

* To prevent involuntary urine output, do this exercise: while lying on your back, bend your knees slightly and, taking a slow breath, part them without changing the position of your feet. Hold your breath at the count of three. Breathe out slowly, lower your knees, while trying to maximize the tension of the pelvic muscles.

blood pressure

* Eat more fiber-rich foods: whole grain cereals, vegetables, fruits, and greens. Fiber helps remove toxins from the body.

fifty+

Natural changes

* There is a climax, its main symptom is hot flashes. As a rule, they begin with an attack of nausea or a headache, followed by a surge of warmth, the appearance of a blush, an increase in heart rate, and an increase in body temperature. Hot flashes can cause insomnia, irritability. The hormone replacement therapy prescribed by the doctor can alleviate the condition..

* Since estrogen affects the moisture and elasticity of the walls of the vagina, with a decrease in its production, burning, itching and pain during intercourse may appear. Special vaginal ointments or chicken egg protein can help reduce dryness and itching..

Alarms

* After 50 years, the risk of developing breast cancer increases several times, especially it is dangerous to

65 years old. Therefore, annually visit a gynecologist and undergo a checkup with a mammologist.

* There is also an increased risk of type II diabetes. Its symptoms: insatiable thirst, heaviness in the legs, slow healing of small wounds, constant fatigue, depression. If you have these symptoms, be sure to check your blood sugar..

* On the face in the eyelids or on the elbows and knees appeared yellowish, slightly protruding stripes and specks. These are the first signs of high blood cholesterol. And the higher its level, the higher the risk of cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis. Carefully watch yourself, paying attention to the slightest changes, rashes on the skin.

* Frequent pain and crunching in the joints, difficulty walking (especially when climbing and descending), squats, swollen, deformed and constantly aching joints indicate the presence of arthrosis or arthritis.

What to do

* Drive more. Exercising daily, swimming, or walking reduces the risk of heart disease, diabetes, joint diseases, and even breast cancer..

* Slow deep abdominal breathing helps to reduce the frequency of hot flashes - 6-8 breaths per minute. Do this breathing exercise for 10 minutes in the morning and evening.

* Annually examined by a cardiologist. In addition to the traditional ECG, do an ultrasound. Take blood cholesterol tests.

* Check your blood pressure regularly. If it rises, do everything possible to reduce it: change, if necessary, medicines and lifestyle.

* Cut down on animal fats and meat. On your table must be cereals from whole grains, vegetables. It is better to replace the meat with fish, bread is preferable to coarse grinding, eat boiled eggs no more than twice a week. Limit sugar, preserves, sweets, and muffins.

60+

Natural changes

* Menopause ends with a complete cessation of hormone production and ovarian function. It happens closer to 65 years.

* Bronchopulmonary diseases at this age are more severe than in young.

* Hearing worsens. Some people have the so-called mental deafness. She retains hearing, but takes more time to understand the meaning of words..

* The length of the spine is reduced, the body leans forward. It seems that the person has decreased in growth. Constant physical education, and especially exercises that strengthen the spine, can prevent these changes. Do not forget to get out of bed every day, at least several times to stretch well.

Alarms

* If you notice increased sensitivity to bright light, double vision in the eye, when the other eye is closed, you need a brighter light when reading - contact your optometrist. These may be symptoms of developing cataracts. An annual visit to the ophthalmologist is also necessary for the prevention of glaucoma.

* If your waist exceeds 90 cm, reduce weight, otherwise you risk the cardiovascular system.

What to do

* Do not forget to visit a gynecologist and mammologist once a year, because with age, the risk of developing breast cancer increases.

* By the age of 70, every second woman has at least one fracture due to osteoporosis. To avoid this, take high calcium supplements at least once a year and continue to exercise.

* For the prevention of diseases of the lungs and bronchi, walk more in the fresh air, where there is no dust and exhaust gases.

* Having a favorite thing is the best way to avoid many physical and mental disorders. For example, several minutes spent knitting or embroidering lower blood pressure and calm nerves. The fact is that the nerve endings at the fingertips are closely related to the subcortex of the brain.

* To avoid memory problems, train your brain: solve crosswords, puzzles, learn and write poems. In everyday life, change hands from time to time when performing simple actions. For example, brush your teeth not with your right hand, but with your left hand. Thus, you can activate the work of both hemispheres of the brain.

Author: G.V. Globalalenko, gynecologist, doctor med. of sciences