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Calcifications in soft tissues and organs

When deposits of calcium salts (calcifications) form in soft tissues and internal organs, this process is called calcification, calcification..

When deposits of calcium salts are formed in soft tissues and internal organs, which normally should not be there, this process is called calcification, calcification or calcification..

Calcium salts are deposited at the site of the destroyed tissue, and therefore, occur in areas where there was inflammation before, with all kinds of diseases, whether it is an oncological process, tuberculosis or something else, i.e., in fact, calcifications replace dead or irreversibly altered cells. In addition, multiple common calcifications can form if calcium is disturbed in the body..

Calcinates can appear in any organs and tissues, and most often they are a symptom of the underlying disease. Common symptoms of calcification include signs of chronic inflammation (weakness, fever), poor appetite, sleep disorders (insomnia, daytime sleepiness), and neurological disorders (dizziness and headaches, irritability). Local signs appear depending on which organs and tissues are affected by calcification..

Lung calcifications

Calcification in the lungs usually appears due to tuberculosis. However, in order to acquire calcifications in the lungs, it is not necessary to directly suffer from tuberculosis. They can also occur after contact with Koch's wand in childhood. Calcifications are formed as follows: if a person has strong immunity, the tuberculous nodule is delimited from healthy tissues, and the place where it is located is calcified. In more rare cases, accumulations of calcium salts occur after pneumonia, lung abscesses, and oncological lesions..

Symptoms of pulmonary calcification include rapid surface respiration (tachypnea), shortness of breath, cyanosis (blueness of the face, hands, feet). Shortness of breath can develop at a stage when compensatory mechanisms can no longer cope with the load. The appearance of tachypnea is due to the fact that the body is trying to restore the normal gas composition of the blood, which is disturbed due to damage to lung tissue. In addition, with a prolonged course of the disease, drumsticks and watch glasses form: fingers extend, nails expand.

In most cases, calcifications in the lungs are detected by chance, on a routine examination. As a rule, calcifications themselves do not need to be treated. But if they are found in a person, he needs to undergo a full examination so that the doctor accurately determines the cause of calcification and makes sure that the patient does not have active tuberculosis.

Kidney calcifications

prostate gland

Calcification in the kidneys has the most pronounced clinical picture of calcification. Urine volume decreases sharply (since the filtration function of the kidneys is impaired); urinary toxins accumulate in the blood, and in connection with this there is an unpleasant bad breath (smell of acetone), and the skin turns yellow. Swollen face and legs. Renal edema differs from cardiac edema in that it does not have a blue tint and is not cold to the touch. Signs of kidney failure also develop (impaired appetite, sleep, weakness, dizziness).

In the kidneys, as with damage to other organs, calcification is the result of an inflammation. At the head of the list of causes of calcification of the sites in the kidneys, as in the case of the lungs, is tuberculosis. Calcifications can also appear in people who have had pyelonephritis, especially if they have not undergone the full course of therapy..

Calcifications in the liver

In some cases, deposits of calcium salts in the liver occur in patients who have had malaria or parasitic diseases (amoebiasis, echinococcosis, etc.). After hepatitis, they appear very rarely, except if a person has long been suffering from chronic liver disease.

With calcification of the liver, pain occurs in the right hypochondrium, because the glisson capsule - a thin fibrous membrane covering the surface of the liver - wrinkles or, on the contrary, stretches. Varicose veins of the anterior abdominal wall (for the specific form that the stomach acquires in this case, this manifestation is called the head of a jellyfish), the esophagus (this causes bloody vomiting). Liquid accumulates in the abdominal cavity, i.e. ascites occurs.

Calcifications in the prostate

The cause of the formation of calcifications in the prostate, in addition to the inflammatory process, may be a violation of blood circulation. They also often appear in men who have had sexually transmitted infections or who suffer from chronic prostatitis. Sometimes calcification develops if the patient has a disturbed venous outflow from the tissues of the prostate. In this case, some parts of the prostate gland compress edema, and they are not supplied with oxygen enough. As a result of the action of all these factors (as, incidentally, a number of others), changes in the prostate appear at the cellular level and, as a result, calcification sites.

If calcium salts accumulate in the prostate gland, less sperm is produced and it becomes thicker. Due to the fact that calcifications overlap the urethra, urination is impaired. In addition, the secretion of the prostate gland ceases to be secreted, and as a result erectile dysfunction develops..

Calcifications in other organs

Calcifications in the thyroid gland appear most often with diffuse or nodular goiter, as well as after thyroiditis or hypothyroidism. With its calcification, over time, the amount of thyroid hormones secreted decreases, because of which a person feels weakness, drowsiness, lethargy (both physical and mental), constantly freezes. His metabolism is disturbed: a person quickly gets fat, even if he eats very moderately. The thyroid gland itself increases in size and looks like a node with many recesses and tubercles.

deposits calcium

Myocardial calcification can occur in a person who has suffered a heart attack, myo-, endo- or pericarditis. With myocardial calcification, there are signs of a severe cardiovascular disorder: pain in the heart, heart rhythm disturbance, lips, ears, fingers, nose tip turn blue, swelling on the legs appears (while they also turn blue and become cold to the touch).

Calcifications in the mammary glands can be a sign of cancer. Therefore, the person from whom they were found, urgently needs to undergo a full examination for oncological pathology. But panic ahead of time is not worth it, calcifications in the chest are a symptom of not only a malignant neoplasm: they can also appear with mastopathy or after mastitis.

Diagnostics

Calcification is detected by x-ray. In their consistency, calcifications are similar to bone, so they are displayed on the roentgenogram as dense stone-like structures. CT or MRI can not only detect calcifications, but also to clarify their size and location, and therefore they are used for a detailed examination. Ultrasound is used not so much to diagnose calcification as to exclude other pathologies. If calcifications are found in several organs or if there is no obvious reason for calcification, a biochemical blood test for calcium content is performed: the cause may be hypercalcemia, and the doctor should check whether it is there or not. When calcification of the organs of internal secretion (for example, the thyroid or prostate gland) conduct a study of the level of hormones. This is necessary in order to find out whether hormone replacement therapy is needed in this case..

Treatment

If calcifications are found, the first thing to do is treat the underlying disease to prevent its progression. But after completing the course of treatment, patients should undergo regular clinical and radiological examinations..

Calcifications are rarely removed surgically: surgery does not eliminate the cause of calcification, but simply helps get rid of the results of its action. Moreover, the operation receives damage and healthy tissues, which is why their work is even more disturbed.

If the clinical symptoms of calcification are obvious, the doctor prescribes symptomatic therapy. Which one - depends on which organ is affected: if the kidneys - hemodialysis is used (hardware, extrarenal cleansing of the body of toxic metabolic products); if the myocardium - prescribed cardiotonic and antiarrhythmic drugs; if the liver - put droppers with solutions; if the thyroid gland is prescribed hormone replacement therapy.

The reasons for calcification are a great many. Therefore, there are no special preventive measures. The main thing that doctors advise is to responsibly approach planned examinations, undergo them and treat inflammatory diseases of any organs in time, if any. And, of course, remember that an introductory article will never replace a consultation, examination by a doctor and his prescription.

Self-medication is much more likely to harm your health than to recover.!

If you have any suspicious symptoms, be prudent - consult a doctor!